UAE Federal Tax Authority Publishes 2019 Guide

The UAE Federal Tax Authority, the government entity responsible for the administration, collection and enforcement of federal taxes, was established in 2016 by the President of the United Arab Emirates, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, via Federal Decree-Law 13 of 2016.

Clarifications are used when there is a question about the VAT Law and how it will apply in a certain case. The main change with the new guide is the extension of the time limit required for receiving a Clarification upon submission of all relevant information and documents to the FTA, from 40 business days to 45 business days.

There is further an additional paragraph which explains that if a case is very complex, for e.g. the FTA may have to consider other legislation or contractual or factual information, then a further 45 business days may be required.

The UAE’s citizens and residents enjoy exceptional public services, such as healthcare, roads, education, parks and social services. The full cost of these services is paid for by the government.

The introduction of VAT and Excise taxes will help the UAE diversify sources of revenue so that government departments can continue to deliver excellent public services and ensure a high quality of life for coming generations.

This is also in line with a key pillar of the UAE’s Vision 2021 – The Sustainability of Infrastructure – more information about which can be found here.

In essence, for complex cases, the FTA may require 90 business days from the date of the initial submission to determine a case.

Foreign Ownership in the UAE Across Thirteen Key Sectors: A Comprehensive Overview

In recent decades, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has transformed itself into a global economic powerhouse, attracting foreign investors and businesses with its strategic location, business-friendly policies, and diverse economy. One crucial aspect that has played a pivotal role in this transformation is foreign ownership in various sectors. This article delves into the landscape of foreign ownership in thirteen key sectors within the UAE, providing insights into the regulations, opportunities, and implications for foreign investors.

1. Real Estate and Property

Foreign ownership in the UAE’s real estate sector has seen notable growth due to policies that allow non-residents to own property within designated areas. However, restrictions apply, with ownership limited to leasehold agreements, typically lasting for 99 years. This approach has fuelled the construction boom, particularly in cities like Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

2. Energy and Natural Resources

While the UAE has significant energy resources, foreign ownership in the oil and gas sector is limited to joint ventures with the government. However, the renewable energy sector has been more open to foreign investment, with initiatives like the Masdar City project attracting global players in sustainable energy.

3. Finance and Banking

Foreign ownership in the financial sector has expanded over the years, with the UAE Central Bank increasing the maximum allowable foreign ownership in local banks. This move aims to enhance competitiveness and attract international financial expertise.

4. Tourism and Hospitality

The tourism sector in the UAE has flourished, driven by iconic landmarks and a thriving hospitality industry. Foreign investors have been integral to this growth, with opportunities ranging from luxury hotels to entertainment complexes.

5. Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals

Foreign ownership in the healthcare sector has been encouraged, especially in free zones like Dubai Healthcare City. The goal is to elevate the UAE’s position as a medical tourism destination and bolster its healthcare infrastructure.

6. Information Technology

The UAE is actively promoting its tech industry, with foreign ownership being pivotal in driving innovation. Initiatives like the Dubai Internet City have attracted multinational tech companies, fostering a dynamic IT ecosystem.

7. Education and Research

Foreign ownership has been instrumental in the growth of international universities and research institutions in the UAE. The government’s focus on education has created opportunities for foreign investors to contribute to the development of a knowledge-based economy.

8. Manufacturing and Industrial

While the UAE’s industrial sector has traditionally been government-centric, efforts are being made to attract foreign investors and expertise. Free zones offer incentives for foreign ownership, stimulating growth in manufacturing industries.

9. Aerospace and Aviation

Foreign ownership has played a crucial role in the UAE’s ambitions to become an aerospace hub. The establishment of Dubai South and Abu Dhabi’s aviation free zones has encouraged global players to set up operations.

10. Media and Entertainment

The media and entertainment sector has witnessed substantial liberalisation, allowing foreign investors to establish a presence. This shift has led to the creation of a diverse media landscape in the UAE.

11. Construction and Engineering

Foreign ownership in the construction sector has been a driving force behind the UAE’s urban development. International expertise has contributed to the creation of iconic skyscrapers and infrastructure projects.

12. Retail and E-Commerce

Foreign ownership has been pivotal in the growth of the UAE’s retail sector. Shopping festivals and mega malls have attracted global brands and consumers alike.

13. Transportation and Logistics

Given its strategic location, the UAE has invested heavily in transportation and logistics. Foreign ownership in ports, shipping, and logistics companies has been instrumental in facilitating international trade.


Foreign ownership has undeniably played a significant role in shaping the UAE’s economic landscape across these thirteen sectors. The government’s proactive approach to inviting foreign investment has not only diversified the economy but also facilitated the transfer of knowledge, technology, and expertise. As the UAE continues to evolve, maintaining a delicate balance between preserving its national interests and attracting foreign investors will be crucial for sustainable growth in these sectors.