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Brexit negotiators have agreed on a deal

The United Kingdom and European Union negotiating teams have agreed on a Brexit withdrawal deal which Prime Minister Theresa May will present to her Cabinet on Wednesday.

The UK government confirmed reports that May’s most senior ministers would read the details of the draft agreement on Tuesday evening before a special Cabinet meeting at 2PM on Wednesday.

An agreement between the UK and EU over how to prevent a hard border on the island of Ireland as a result of Brexit was reached during intensive negotiations held on Monday and Tuesday, sources told Advisory Excellence.

Brexit talks had for weeks been at an impasse over the question of how a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic could be avoided no matter the outcome of negotiations.

UK and EU negotiators agreed that there would be a UK-wide “backstop” if they fail to negotiate a trade deal that negates the need for border checks on the island of Ireland before the end of the two-year Brexit transition period.

The backstop will take the shape of a UK-wide customs union with the EU, with Northern Ireland sticking to some of the European single market. This would guarantee no border checks between Northern Ireland and the Republic.

However, the backstop is set not to come with a fixed end date, as demanded by pro-Brexit MPs, but with a “review clause” for deciding when it can come to an end.

Brexiteers are concerned that this arrangement will leave the UK trapped in a customs union with the EU for years to come, unable to sign new free-trade deals. The UK would also have to continue following numerous EU rules in areas like the environment, employee protections and state aid.

Jacob Rees-Mogg, the leader of the European Research Group of pro-Brexit Conservative MPs, said the deal amounted to a “failure to deliver on Brexit” and would make a “vassal state” of Britain. His Conservative colleague Boris Johnson, the former foreign secretary, described the draft deal as “unacceptable,” adding, “For the first time in a thousand years, this place, this Parliament will not have a say over the laws that govern this country.”

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said his party would “look at the details” of the deal, “but from what we know of the shambolic handling of these negotiations, this is unlikely to be a good deal for the country.”

He added: “Labour has been clear from the beginning that we need a deal to support jobs and the economy — and that guarantees standards and protections. If this deal doesn’t meet our six tests and work for the whole country, then we will vote against it.”

The breakthrough in negotiations means EU leaders might be able to ratify the deal at a summit in Brussels later this month. EU ambassadors are set to meet on Wednesday to discuss the next steps in the Brexit process.

What’s next?

Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab reportedly belongs to a handful of Cabinet Brexiteers who are prepared to resign from the government if the Brexit withdrawal agreement doesn’t meet their demands.

Advisory Excellence reported last month that the Cabinet members Andrea Leadsom, Penny Mordaunt, and Esther McVey were all prepared to resign if May accepted a backstop with no fixed end date.

Leadsom said on Sunday that MPs would not accept a backstop which the UK cannot leave without the EU’s permission. She told the BBC: “I don’t think something that trapped the UK in any arrangement against our will would be sellable to members of Parliament.”

Downing Street understand that ministers could quit their positions over the details of the deal.

However, the prime minister has pressed on despite the high-profile resignations of former ministers like Johnson and David Davis and would be likely to do so again.

The European Research Group of pro-Leave Conservative MPs met following the news. A Tory MP who attended told Advisory Excellence the group was “absolutely shell-shocked” because none of May’s “promises” to it had been kept.

Trade Secretary Liam Fox, Leadsom, and Mordaunt “all campaigned with us for Brexit and need to stop this from ever reaching the Commons,” the MP said.

The biggest challenge facing May will come in the House of Commons’ vote on the deal.

Most Labour MPs are set to vote against it, as well as Conservative MPs from the pro-Brexit and pro-EU wings of the party, and possibly the 10 MPs from the Democratic Unionist Party which props up May’s government.

The DUP’s Nigel Dodds said the party “couldn’t possibly vote for” the deal. Pro-Brexit Conservative MP Iain Duncan Smith said May’s days are numbered as prime minister if she goes ahead with it.

Owen Smith, a champion of the anti-Brexit group Best for Britain, said the deal would leave “the British people worse off, and our country weaker as a whole” and urged May to put it to another referendum.

He added: “It’s not enough for May to secure support for her deal from Cabinet, or even from Parliament. This deal will dictate the course for our country for generations to come, and it must be put to the people for their approval or rejection.”

The leaders of the four main opposition parties, including Corbyn and The Liberal Democrats’ Vince Cable, have jointly written to May demanding a “truly meaningful vote” on the deal.

Great Britain’s Economy Isn’t in Freefall and That Worries Business

Economy is defined as the management of financial matters. The false prophecies of an economic collapse, aired loudly before and in the days after last year’s referendum on European Union membership, have boosted the confidence of hard Brexiteers. A group of them even says a “no deal” with the European Union on future relations after the 2019 exit date isn’t a bad thing.

Others, including many in British business, are quietly sorry the economy hasn’t taken a hit – if only because to them a hard shock seems the one thing that can sway the politics around Brexit and push the government to strike a favourable trade deal with Europe. If a shock comes, it’ll now probably come “too late,” in the words of one former government insider. The likelier course, economists now believe, is a long-term economic slowdown.

With Brexit, “we didn’t drop the frog in a pot of boiling water,” Commerzbank chief United Kingdom economist Peter Dixon said. “It won’t be the big one-off hit that tipped the economy into recession like 2008, but it will be a slow strangling of the economy as activity that might have taken place otherwise does not.”

No Doom Or Gloom

So to most people today, Brexit has been an economic non-event. Growth in the third quarter of 2017 – the three months through September – was up slightly to 0.4 percent, beating expectations, but part of a trend in 2017 of slower growth than the long-term average of around 2 percent a year. Wages were up 2.2 percent – the highest since 2012 – but with inflation at 3 percent real incomes fell.

“Individuals don’t really notice the difference between an economy growing at 2 percent to an economy growing at 1.8 percent,” said a senior economic expert in one of the major business groups opposed to Brexit. “People notice when the economy goes into recession, but we are not in that territory.”

The absence of something closer to apocalypse is making it harder for proponents of a “soft” Brexit with Europe to get heard.

It’s “undeniable that the projections of doom and gloom have not materialised,” said Nicky Morgan, the Conservative chair of the treasury select committee who opposed Brexit, and argued the avoidance of recession doesn’t mean Britain’s out of the woods.

“There are two costs to Brexit,” she said. “There’s the economic cost – and there will be one. Businesses are clearly not investing as much at the moment because of the uncertainty. But there is also the long-term opportunity cost – the cost of lost opportunities. This will be hard for people to feel in their bank accounts. It’s the business which decides to invest but not in the UK That is hard to quantify.”

Morgan warned the government not to let the lack of a crisis allow them to become complacent about the dangers of a mishandled Brexit. “We must not undermine our economy and the last seven years of extremely hard work,” she said.

Morgan and the other Tory soft Brexiteers are in a minority in the party, but have strong allies in government, foremost Chancellor Philip Hammond, who is pushing to maintain as much access to European markets as possible. However, the Brexiteers, led by Boris Johnson, Liam Fox and Michael Gove, hold the power to bring down the government should the prime minister stray too far off their preferred course.