WordPress is a free and open-source content management system that works with a MySQL or MariaDB database and supports HTTPS. A plugin architecture and a template system, known as “Themes” in WordPress, are features.
As of October 2021, 42.8% of the top 10 million websites used WordPress, one of the most widely used content management system options.
The creators of WordPress, American developer Matt Mullenweg and English developer Mike Little, launched it on May 27, 2003, as a fork of b2/cafelog.
WordPress “creates websites like a factory” is a key analogy used to explain how WordPress works. It allows users to develop and publish webpages while storing information, all they need is a name and hosting service.
WordPress uses a template processor in its web template system. It has a front controller design that routes all requests for URIs that aren’t static to a single PHP file that parses the URI and determines the target page. This enables support for permalinks that are more readable by humans.
Users of WordPress can install and switch between a wide variety of themes. Themes let users modify a WordPress website’s appearance and features without changing the site’s fundamental code or content. There must be at least one theme on every WordPress website. The WordPress theme repository, usually referred to as the directory, contains a large number of free themes, while marketplaces and individual WordPress developers sell premium themes as well. Users of WordPress can also design and develop their own original themes.
Users can increase the features and functionality of a website or blog thanks to WordPress’ plugin architecture. As of December 2021, there were 59,756 plugins accessible on WordPress.org, each of which offered unique features and capabilities that let users customise their websites to suit their particular requirements. Search engine optimisation, client portals that provide private information to logged-in users, content management systems, and content displaying features like the addition of widgets and navigation bars are a few examples of these changes.
WordPress also has integrated link management, a clean, search engine-friendly permalink structure, the capacity to categorise posts into numerous categories, and assistance with post tagging. Additionally, automatic filters are present, giving postings’ text with uniform formatting and layout.
WordPress Multisites, also known as WordPress Multi-User, WordPress MU, or WPMU, is a fork of the WordPress software that enables numerous blogs to coexist in a single installation while still being manageable by a single maintainer. With WordPress MU, website owners can host their own blogging communities and manage and monitor all of the blogs from a single dashboard. For each blog, WordPress MU adds eight new data tables.