If you run a healthcare practice, you are responsible for protecting sensitive patient health information (PHI) under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). This mandate pressures you to follow regulations and guidelines or face hefty consequences and effects billing compliance and reporting.
But what exactly does HIPAA require, and what other regulatory standards should you be aware of? This blog post will explore the impact of HIPAA and different regulatory standards on your practice.
HIPAA is a federal law enacted in 1996 to protect patient health information. The law requires healthcare providers and business associates to safeguard PHI in transit and at rest.
PHI includes information like patient names, addresses, dates of birth, and medical records. HIPAA compliance requirements specify physical, technical, and administrative safeguards to protect PHI.
Physical safeguards include measures like locked doors and shredding of sensitive documents. Technical safeguards include measures like encryption and firewalls.
Administrative safeguards include measures like training of staff and security risk assessments. HIPAA violations can result in severe fines and even criminal charges.
The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act was implemented in 2009 to supplement HIPAA by encouraging the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and promoting the security of PHI. HITECH provides monetary incentives for healthcare providers and their business associates who implement EHRs and demonstrate “meaningful use” of them in the delivery of healthcare.
It also includes breach notification requirements, which mandate that healthcare providers and their business associates notify affected individuals, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and in some cases, the media in the event of a breach of unsecured PHI. HITECH violations can result in financial penalties and negative publicity.
If you process credit card payments in your healthcare practice, you must comply with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS). This standard significantly impacts medical procedures.
These standards were established to protect cardholder data and ensure secure transactions for all parties involved. Severe fines and loss of credibility can follow suit when breaking the rules set by this regulation.
Medical practices that process credit card payments must comply with these standards, which involve rigorous security requirements. Implementing PCI-DSS can result in more robust data protection, improve billing accuracy, and reduce the risk of fraudulent activity.
As a result, medical practices adopting these standards can offer patients peace of mind and bolster their reputation as reliable and trustworthy healthcare providers.
If you have patients who reside in the European Union, you must comply with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), a data protection law that went into effect in 2018. GDPR regulates the processing of personal data, including PHI, and requires healthcare providers to obtain explicit patient consent before collecting, sharing, or using their data.
The law also mandates that healthcare providers provide patients with access to their data, the right to be forgotten, and the right to data portability. GDPR violations can result in fines of up to 4% of your annual global revenue or €20 million, whichever is greater.
With the growing popularity of telemedicine, healthcare providers must also be aware of the regulatory landscape surrounding this technology. Telemedicine involves using technology to deliver healthcare services remotely, such as via video calls.
Telemedicine is subject to licensure requirements, which vary by state. It is also subject to HIPAA and HITECH privacy and security requirements and state and federal laws regarding patient consent, provider verification, billing compliance and reporting.
Healthcare providers must navigate a complex regulatory landscape to safeguard patient health information and avoid penalties. By understanding the impact of these regulatory standards, healthcare providers can protect their patients and their livelihoods.