Climate Change: Everything You Should Know About Carbon Credits

Carbon credits are a powerful tool for reducing carbon emissions and fighting climate change. They provide incentives to companies, organisations, and individuals to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by providing them with tradable certificates that represent the right to emit one tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

Carbon credits have become increasingly popular in recent years as governments around the world seek ways to reduce GHG emissions and address global warming. But what do you need to know about these credits if you want to use them?

This article will cover several important things you should understand about carbon credits before deciding if they’re a good fit for your business or organisation.

The Concept of Emissions Trading

This means that companies, organisations, or individuals with a surplus of carbon credits can sell them to those looking to offset their GHG emissions. The international market for carbon credits is called the “compliance market” and it operates according to government regulations and standards.

For instance, the European Union Emission Trading System (EU-ETS) is a market for buying and selling carbon credits. Companies that participate in this system are required to track their emissions, purchase carbon credits if they exceed their quotas, or sell them if they don’t use all of their allotted credits.

Furthermore, carbon credits are not permanent; they only last for a limited period, usually between one and ten years. This means that if you purchase carbon credits to offset your emissions, you will need to buy more credits in the future when your existing ones expire.

Carbon Credits Can Come From a Variety of Sources

The most common source of carbon credits is from projects that capture and store emissions, such as reforestation initiatives, renewable energy projects, or the destruction of industrial pollutants.

These types of initiatives are called “offset projects” and they generate credits that can be bought by those looking for a way to reduce their GHG emissions. This also means that investing in carbon credits is a way to support the development of renewable energy and other sustainable initiatives. Moreover, some credits are also generated through the sale of “verified emission reductions” (VERs), which are earned by companies or organisations that reduce their emissions compared to a pre-established baseline.

However, not all carbon credits are created equal; it’s important to check the standards of the project you are buying from to ensure that they are generating truly meaningful reductions in GHG emissions.

A Monetary Value

The price of carbon credits is determined by the market and can fluctuate over time. The current international market price for one tonne of CO2e is around USD 25, although prices can vary significantly depending on the project and region. Moreover, many countries also have their domestic trading systems that set prices for carbon credits that are specific to their jurisdictions.

Keep in mind that the price of carbon credits is not necessarily an indication of their environmental benefit; a more expensive carbon credit may be from a higher-quality project, such as one with stringent standards for GHG reductions.

Furthermore, the cost of carbon credits is usually much lower than the actual cost of reducing emissions, so it can be a more cost-effective way to achieve GHG emission reductions.

Emissions Reduction Targets

Companies and organisations that report their emissions may be required to purchase carbon credits to meet their emissions reduction targets. In this case, carbon credits can act as an effective way to offset GHG emissions without making drastic changes to existing operations or processes.

Companies that invest in offset projects or sell verified emission reductions (VERs) can generate revenue from the sale of their carbon credits. This money can then be used to fund more emissions reduction projects or operations, making it a win-win for both the company and the environment.

Carbon Credits Are Not The Same as Carbon Taxes

This is an important distinction to make; carbon taxes put a price on emissions, whereas carbon credits provide incentives for reducing them. Carbon taxes can be more effective at reducing GHG emissions than carbon credits in some cases, but they can also be more costly. Carbon credits offer a way for businesses and individuals to reduce their emissions without having to pay extra taxes.

On the other hand, carbon credits can be both expensive and difficult to obtain in some cases. If you are considering investing in carbon credits, it’s important to understand the costs and benefits associated with them before making a decision. If you are investing in offset projects, make sure to research the project and understand the costs and benefits of participating.

Carbon Credits Have Become More Popular in Recent Years

Since their introduction, carbon credits have become increasingly popular as a way to reduce GHG emissions. This is due in part to the developing markets for trading and selling carbon credits, which has increased access and made them more affordable for individuals and businesses alike.

As well, governments and organisations around the world have begun to recognise the importance of reducing GHG emissions, which has made carbon credits a more attractive option for mitigating climate change.

Carbon Offsetting is Not a “Silver Bullet” 

While carbon offsetting can help reduce GHG emissions, it should always be seen as one part of an overall strategy to combat climate change. Investing in carbon credits is not a substitute for implementing energy efficiency measures and other strategies to reduce emissions. It’s important to understand that carbon offsetting is only one piece of the puzzle when it comes to tackling global warming.

Additionally, there are some potential ethical and environmental concerns associated with carbon offsetting—there are questions about the effectiveness of some offset projects, as well as the fairness of generating credits from activities such as deforestation or burning biomass for energy production.

Carbon credits are a powerful tool to reduce GHG emissions, but they should be used in conjunction with other strategies. It’s important to do your research and understand the costs and benefits of investing in carbon credits before making any decisions. Additionally, it’s essential to keep an eye out for potential ethical or environmental concerns associated with certain offset projects.

With careful consideration and planning, carbon offsets can play an effective role in reducing global warming while also providing companies and individuals with financial incentives for their efforts.