Extension of Deadline in Construction Contracts

An Extension of Time is a clause in most of construction contracts offering the contractor the possibility to extend the construction period when a delay occurs. That delay must not be the contractor’s fault but caused by a distinct relevant event.

There is a wide variety of events that could potentially disrupt a construction process and entitle the contractor to an EOT. Some relevant events are frequent, like failure to provide information, variations, or delay in giving the contractor possession of the site.

Other relevant events are rare and rather unpredictable in the long term, like civil unrest, exceptionally adverse weather, or war.

When a delay happens or is about to happen, the contractor has to give written notice to the consultant / client. Such notice must clearly identify the relevant event responsible for the delay, as well as prove the causality between the disrupting force and the delay itself. If the other party shares the same view on what caused the delay, they usually grant the EOT and adjust the completion date accordingly. The completion date is a vital temporal landmark in the life of a construction project.

Such a date establishes a clear limit for the main scope of works included in the contract to be completed.

EOT requests have to be thoroughly prepared before submission to maximise clarity and facilitate agreement. After identifying the responsible relevant event, the contractor has to link it to the contract clause that allows for the request. However, that is not always enough.

The construction project can deviate from the baseline programme produced at the start of the contract, without that programme being updated to account for drops in productivity. In that case, the contractor might have difficulties separating delays occurring from its own fault from delays related to the relevant event. Besides causality, the claim for extension should also address liability.

In other words, the contractor provides proof that they fully understand their responsibilities. Often, EOT requests have to be submitted in a certain time window to retain their validity.

Successful claims are reliant on good practices regarding documenting the delays. The contractor should be able to record when and why the relevant event occurred and output a list of resources, tasks, and activities that it directly or indirectly affected.

It helps to have proof of all actions or alternative solutions taken to minimise the delay, as well as quantify all associated costs. Once all the available information is gathered, the contractor deploys a Delay Analysis meant to estimate the impact on the project completion date. Construction contracts are generally geared on allowing the construction period to be extended when the contractor has no fault in the delay and has formulated an EOT application.

However, not all claims are successful. An application can be rejected when it is proven that the contractor has actually underperformed. Judging claims for extensions of time is more complicated when concurrent delays occur. For example, a contractor already not keeping up with the programme due to a force outside their control might also have been the cause for a different delay where both of these delays’ effects are felt simultaneously.

Usually, in this case, the contractor would claim for an EOT award and avoid paying liquidated damages while the owner is relieved from compensating the contractor for its prolongation costs.

Contract and Capital Markets Law in France: A Comprehensive Overview

In the heart of Europe lies France, a nation with a rich legal heritage and a prominent position in the global capital markets. This article delves into the intricate landscape of Contract and Capital Markets Law in France, shedding light on its key aspects, regulations, and implications for investors, businesses, and legal practitioners. As we explore this fascinating domain, it’s important to note that while every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, consulting legal experts for specific cases is recommended.

Contract Law in France

Contract law in France is governed by the Civil Code (Code civil), which lays the foundation for the principles of freedom of contract and good faith. The Civil Code defines a contract as an agreement by which one or more persons undertake to one or more other persons to perform or refrain from performing a particular act. It emphasises the importance of mutual consent, clear terms, and fairness in contracts.

Capital Markets Law in France

The capital markets in France play a vital role in the country’s economy and are regulated by various authorities, primarily the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF). The AMF oversees the issuance and trading of securities, ensuring transparency, market integrity, and investor protection. The law governing capital markets in France covers a range of financial instruments, including equities, bonds, derivatives, and investment funds.

Key Aspects and Regulations

Disclosure Requirements: French capital market regulations mandate issuers to provide accurate and timely information to investors. This includes financial statements, risk factors, and any material information that could impact investment decisions. This transparency promotes informed investing and safeguards market integrity.

Prospectus Regulation: The Prospectus Regulation sets out the requirements for companies seeking to raise capital through public offerings. A prospectus must be approved by the AMF before securities can be offered to the public. This process ensures that potential investors receive comprehensive information about the issuer and the securities being offered.

Insider Trading and Market Abuse: French law prohibits insider trading and market abuse, aiming to maintain a level playing field for all market participants. Those with privileged information are restricted from trading on that information until it becomes public, preventing unfair advantages and market manipulation.

Takeover Regulations: The AMF regulates takeover bids and mergers to ensure fairness for shareholders and prevent hostile takeovers. Shareholders are granted certain rights and protections, including the right to receive accurate and timely information regarding takeover offers.

Implications for Investors and Businesses

For Investors: Understanding Contract and Capital Markets Law is crucial for investors looking to navigate the French market. Having insight into the regulatory framework ensures that investors can make informed decisions, assess risks, and protect their interests.

For Businesses: Businesses seeking to raise capital in France must adhere to the stringent regulatory requirements. Crafting a clear and comprehensive prospectus, ensuring compliance with insider trading regulations, and respecting takeover regulations are vital steps in building investor confidence and ensuring a smooth market entry.


The intersection of Contract and Capital Markets Law in France forms the backbone of a thriving economic ecosystem. The robust legal framework promotes transparency, fairness, and investor protection, bolstering the confidence of both investors and businesses. While this article provides an informative overview, it’s essential to consult legal experts well-versed in French law for specific legal matters. As France continues to evolve in the global economic landscape, staying informed about its Contract and Capital Markets Law remains a critical aspect of successful investment and business operations.