Was Robert Kardashian O. J. Simpson’s Lawyer? We Explain Here

American businessman and attorney Robert Kardashian gained notoriety for supporting pro football player O.J. Simpson during his 1995 murder trial.

Robert was born in Los Angeles in 1944 and attended the University of Southern California to study law and business.

According to Celebrity Net Worth, at the time of his death in 2003, Kardashian had a net worth of $30 million. He was a born-again Christian who eventually became engaged with a number of businesses, including a frozen yoghurt company, the magazine Radio & Records, and the music label Movie Tunes.

Robert passed away in 2003 at the age of 59, eight weeks after receiving a cancer diagnosis.

What Transpired Between O.J. Simpson and Robert Kardashian?

According to reports, Robert Kardashian and O.J. Simpson became good friends when they met while playing tennis in 1969.

When police questioned the lawyer-turned-businessman about the contents of Simpson’s bulging Louis Vuitton luggage, Kardashian claimed he had never opened it.

Following the killings, Simpson sought refuge at Robert’s home amid intense media attention. When he left, police led him on a 60-mile vehicle pursuit.

Robert joined the “dream squad” of attorneys representing Simpson, including Johnnie Cochran and Robert Shapiro, as a voluntary assistant.

On October 3, 1995, at 10 a.m., a jury found the football player not guilty of the killings. Following the trial, some jurors stated that they still thought the football player was guilty of the killings despite the prosecution’s failure to present sufficient evidence.

Robert reportedly said to Barbara Walters, when asked about his friend’s innocence in 1996, “I have reservations.”

While attending USC in 1967, Kardashian and Simpson first crossed paths and become close. Simpson served as the best man at the 1978 nuptials of Kris Houghton and Kim Kardashian.

Prosecutors conjectured that the bag might have contained the murder weapon or Simpson’s bloodied garments. Kardashian read a letter written by Simpson to the assembled media on June 17, 1994, when he failed to present himself in at 11 a.m. Many people considered this letter to be a suicide note.

Before the Simpson case, Kardashian had allowed his law licence to lapse, but he renewed it to work as a volunteer assistant for Simpson’s defence team, alongside Simpson’s principal defence lawyers, Johnnie Cochran and Robert Shapiro. Throughout Simpson’s trial, he sat close by.


In summary, Robert Kardashian’s role in the O.J. Simpson trial was that of a supportive friend and a member of the defence team, but he was not one of the lead attorneys. The media’s portrayal of his involvement led to misconceptions and rumours that have persisted over the years. Understanding the true extent of Kardashian’s role is important for accurately recounting the history of the trial and the individuals involved. While the trial is a testament to the complexities of the legal system and the impact of media sensationalism, it also highlights the enduring nature of friendships and the multifaceted lives of those involved.

2023 Operational Excellence Goals and Strategies: An Overview

According to a McKinsey analysis, a startling 70% of operational improvement initiatives are unsuccessful. While failure is a necessary part of success, many firms will choose to fail quickly and frequently but with smaller risks in 2023.

In the ever-evolving landscape of business, staying competitive requires organisations to continuously enhance their processes and strategies. Operational excellence has emerged as a key focus for companies looking to streamline their operations, optimise efficiency, and deliver superior value to customers. As we step into 2023, let’s delve into the operational excellence goals and strategies that are shaping the business landscape this year.

In fact, just 35% of respondents said they planned to implement enterprise-wide change in 2023, compared to 44% who said they were already doing so in 2022.

Organisations may wish to take a break after two years of urgent, extensive, pandemic-driven reform, which makes sense. People are weary of hearing about transformations, as Maneesh Subherwal, executive director of business transformation for JPMorgan’s commercial bank, put it in the report. Targeted transformation produces results as opposed to a “big bang” approach where you are unsure of what you are aiming for.

Adopt Holistic Business Methods to Produce Significant Results

While they may be limiting the scope of transformational programmes, organisations are nonetheless investing in all-encompassing approaches.

The use of targeted solutions like robotic process automation is declining within organisations. Instead, companies are adopting enterprise solutions like BI/data analytics tools and platforms for digital transformation.

These tools enable users to develop more quickly and consistently than more specific solutions by centralising work into a single centralised system, which is essential for flourishing in a climate where economic competition is on the rise.

Leverage Automation and Data Insights, But be Aware of Their Constraints.

Operational excellence has traditionally relied on automation and data analytics. Due to the numerous personnel limits and economic difficulties businesses are experiencing this year, businesses will need to adopt technology more than ever.

“[In 2023] there will be a focus on hyper technology to solve operational difficulties,” said Nadeem Saeed, corporate vice-president of quality excellence at Verizon. Economic developments will cause a huge focus on price and efficiency.

In a statement about the importance of automation in the present global business environment, InnovationForce CEO Kim Getgen said: “Process automation enables innovators to accelerate the tasks that lead to a decision point faster.”

Although firms might overdo it, automation and data analytics are essential accelerators of operational excellence. Both insufficient and excessive amounts of data might be unhelpful. Over-engineering and over-automating processes can make them less efficient. The secret is striking a balance between technological and human components.

Innovation is and always will be a human-interactive team sport, according to Getgen. “No amount of AI will ever completely replace the role that humans play in innovation. We still have to rely on the judgement and business sense of people. Put your attention on having just the proper amount of data and processes to encourage quick learning and experimentation. Companies with a rapid and repeatable culture of testing and learning have the genetic makeup to outperform their rivals and can gain a clear competitive advantage.”

Increase The Scope of Your Attention Beyond EX and CX to The Full Experience

One TX project the company has been working on recently entails upgrading its financial systems and utilising insights obtained from possess mining to enhance the customer experience and streamline its order-to-cash procedures. Ikea developed a new, multidimensional statistic known as “the ideal order” as part of this plan. Tim Hills, manager of process and data insight development at INGKA Group, stated in a recent interview that “in order to create value, we need to be able to assess where we are, measure where we want to go, and figure out how to get there. Our “ideal order” is the metric that we are considering.

“Taking the customer’s order correctly, allocating inventory, and delivering the product with an exact invoice constitute the ideal order.” Hills said, “We have internal and external benchmarking.”

Using a Process Centre of Excellence, Accelerate Transformation

Worldwide and across all industries, businesses are struggling to fill a talent gap of historic proportions. 75 percent of businesses worldwide reported skills shortages and trouble hiring in 2022, according to a ManPowerGroup survey.

The future doesn’t seem to be getting any better. According to a ground-breaking analysis by KornFerry, by 2030, the global talent deficit would increase by 85 million people, or nearly the population of Germany, with the potential to generate unrealised annual profits of about US$8.5 trillion.

By grouping employees who work in process and operational excellence into a single, enterprise-level team, centres of excellence can assist businesses in overcoming talent shortages. This makes it possible to spread information, tools, and creative ideas more effectively.

“You run the danger of not being able to remain relevant and valuable to your customers in the absence of a process CoE and the culture of operational excellence it may foster. Today, taking that chance is dangerous. Digital twins are becoming more and more commonplace as a result of recent developments in enabling technologies like IoT, AI, and the metaverse.”

In fact, according to market researchers, the digital twin market will expand between 2023 and 2030 at a CAGR of 37.5%.

Agile is The Secret to Swift Operational Excellence Victories

Traditional solutions for process excellence are quite effective, but they are not quick cures. Many businesses are adopting an agile approach to process excellence in an environment where they will be under pressure to innovate quickly.

Anthony said, “Agile helps businesses adapt to the rapid world we live in. The fact is that businesses nowadays can’t wait that long because they want transformation to happen immediately.”

Agile helps organisations to deliver benefits almost instantly since it is incremental and iterative by design. Agile places a strong emphasis on client interaction throughout the whole development cycle as opposed to providing customers with a finished end-product.

In certain cases, it enables businesses to fail quickly, saving millions of dollars and, most significantly, allowing them to address potentially unhappy customers, according to Nao.

Low-code Unlocks Citizen Creators’ Potential

Use of low-code and no-code technologies is one of the most effective approaches for businesses to address the IT talent crisis. Low-code solutions assist seasoned developers in accelerating the creation of new products by removing the amount of coding necessary to create apps and automations. More ambitious companies will decide to go a step further by providing non-technical staff with low code tools so they may create products independently with little assistance from IT.

Low-code automation technologies have shown to be a powerful enabler of enhanced innovation and performance in the hands of process and operational excellence specialists, many of whom already have strong engineering backgrounds.

Integrate Operational Excellence into The Corporate Culture

There isn’t a one-size-fits-all strategy for creating an outstanding culture in 2023, that much is evident. Empowering people to pursue operational improvement on their own will be crucial to success in 2023, regardless of whether some firms adopt kaizen or achieve outcomes through innovation workshops.

Make the cornerstone of operational excellence data governance. Alternatively, by coordinating a completely networked ecosystem of partners and suppliers, accessing orders and stocks dispersed across numerous sites, and enhancing planning, quality, and risk anticipation

When it comes to successfully deploying automation, sophisticated analytics, and other technologies that call for consistent streams of high quality, organised enterprise data in 2023, firms who invest in data governance will be at an advantage. As these technologies become more widely used, data governance will become even more crucial in the years to come.


In conclusion, operational excellence is a dynamic and holistic approach that aims to enhance efficiency, quality, and customer satisfaction while reducing costs and waste. By setting clear goals and implementing effective strategies, businesses can cultivate a culture of continuous improvement and achieve sustainable success in today’s competitive business landscape. Whether through lean methodologies, Six Sigma practices, or technology integration, organisations that prioritise operational excellence are better positioned to adapt, innovate, and thrive in an ever-evolving market. By embracing these principles and strategies, businesses can aspire to not only reach the first page of Google search results but also to build a reputation as leaders in their industry.

The Future of Remote Start-ups: Opportunities and Challenges

The Coronavirus pandemic has forced many businesses to re-evaluate their operations and move to a remote-first model. This has been especially true for start-ups, which are often nimble and adaptable.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Start-ups

The Impact of COVID-19 on Start-ups

For many start-ups, the move to remote work has been successful, and they have continued operating without any major disruptions.

According to experts, 36.22 million Americans will work remotely by 2025. And by embracing remote working, we will be able to break down the cultural and technological barriers.

However, there are also some challenges that come with running a remote start-up. These include communication difficulties, managing a remote team, and maintaining a work-life balance.

In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the future of remote start-ups. We will explore the opportunities and challenges that come with this new way of working. We will also offer some tips on how to build a successful remote start-up.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Start-ups

In the modern economy, start-ups have become an integral part. Most billion-dollar companies have emerged from the start-up ecosystem in the past few years.

But after the COVID-19 pandemic, start-ups faced cash burn, down rounds, and less demand which hit their confidence level. This is the reason that they shift towards the remote schema.

Before the COVID-19 (coronavirus) outbreak, remote working has been a privilege. There were rarely a few companies that worked remotely.

But we can’t continue the article without mentioning the situation after the COVID-19 pandemic.  It’s because covid-19 brings a rollercoaster in every platform, but the most impact on start-up companies.

Luckily, the advancement of digital technology has made remote or hybrid work available for employees.

The start-ups can reduce their costs by preferring remote work people. Further, these days, working remotely has become crucial for employment selection.

Worldwide, companies have experienced significant reductions in fixed costs associated with supporting a workplace, while upper management levels are becoming more confident about the results of their employees’ home offices.

Apart from the convenience of working from anywhere, employees also reported that the home office environment was more financially beneficial.

Although people found it difficult to present in person due to the lack of face-to-face interaction and challenges in collaborating and communicating, many found the online option easier and less stressful.

Opportunities for Remote Start-ups

Nowadays, small start-ups and large companies are embracing the benefits of having a diverse and distributed team. In the current start-up environment, every company strives to stay ahead, no matter how funded or bootstrapped. It has been possible for many start-ups to do this feat by being open to the remote working model.

Let’s explore some main reasons why start-ups are shifting to remote:

1. Cost-Effective

The start-up and operation of a new company require strong financial support. In fact, you will save money on other expenses such as renting a workspace, managing furniture, and buying kitchen supplies.

Remote working will benefit not only employers but also remote employees. For example, they save money if they don’t travel and return to the office or home. It saves time also. Further, since the start-up company might not offer huge salaries, saving of small amount is a huge benefit. Also, the company can utilise that money to hire the best human resources.

2. Improved Productivity

Some people can’t focus on a vast crowd. So for many professionals working from their homes, remote work can be the key to boosting productivity.

Though the company offers a peaceful environment for a person to work, nothing can beat its own space. Coders need a distraction-free environment to do coding or programming. Whenever employees do their best, the company automatically benefits.

3. Global Talent Pool

One of the major benefits of remote start-ups is having diverse talent, which can also be the deciding factor in their decision to move to remote work.

Previously, local talents were the only ones targeted by employers. However, now there is a high demand for skilled personnel, so hiring good talent is on the rise. A person with high skills can get better job opportunities.

And with remote jobs, start-ups can hire a perfect candidate that meets your job requirements. The geographical limits, office space, or any other constraints can’t restrict you from hiring the best candidate in your office. Further, you don’t need to travel the world to find a suitable candidate.

4. Fewer Absent Employees

Since the employee can work from home, they can better balance work and life. Also, they get to eat healthy food cooked at home, making them healthy. And when they have better health and a better lifestyle, they take a few sick leaves. So, employee well-being is most important.

As a bonus, eliminating exhaustion during commute makes it easier for employees to be active during working hours. As a result, remote work promotes healthier employees and fewer absenteeism days.

Moreover, companies that send wellness gifts to their employees, like at-home spas and healthy snacks, positively impact their bottom line. A company can use this strategy to retain employees for an extended period.

5. Broaden Your Business

When you hire people internationally, you are branding your business internationally. You can broaden your business and get a different perspective when hiring people from other countries.

Your business and outlook will be broadened by hiring employees of different races, ethnicities, and disabilities. When you have a diverse team, they can share their own experiences and culture; everyone will have something new to offer. You get to know new things.

6. Technological Advancements

It has long been a dream of everyone to work from home and form completely remote start-up teams. However, COVID-19 was the first to put that idea into practice.

A complete remote working option was not possible even with the technology available. However, since the introduction of COVID-19, it has become more critical than ever to make remote working a practical option.

Technological advancements have made synchronous communication more effortless and efficient. Some applications that have transformed remote work include Slack, Trello, and Zoom.

To ensure better communication between the employee and the team members, remote start-ups can use Slack or Zoom for video conferencing. People can also use the cloud phone system to communicate at low costs.

For example, your company leader is from Australia, and one employee is from the US; obviously, they have a time difference. But with the help of video conferencing tools such as Slack, Zoom, or cheap Australian virtual phone numbers, they both can efficiently contact each other without spending a fortune.

Challenges for Remote Start-ups

There are some great benefits to working remotely, but there are also some challenges that come along with it. After all, everything has its black and white.  Let’s explore some of the major remotely challenges that start-ups face.

1. Communication Issues

Start-up companies highly rely on communication. One of the biggest issues that remote start-ups have to face is communication between team members.

Communication with remote workers may be difficult for new companies and employees, mainly if they are used to working in offices or want to “supervise their employees.”

Team members from different countries working in the same team have different time zones, which can also be an issue for them. Using email or chat instead of face-to-face communication can also lead to miscommunication.

The information must also be communicated clearly and concisely, so everyone has equal access.

2. Difficult in Maintaining a Workplace Culture

One of the challenges of remote working is maintaining the company’s culture.

It can be difficult to keep everyone on the same page when team members are in different locations. However, there are some ways to overcome this challenge.

You can, for example, have regular team meetings through video conferencing. Additionally, you can establish a remote work policy outlining how employees should communicate and collaborate.

3. Difficulty in Managing Employee Productivity

You can also set up regular check-ins with employees to see how they are doing.

It must be difficult to track employees’ progress and ensure they meet deadlines when team members are not in the same place. But some tools can help with this. You can use some project management software to track progress on tasks.

4. Time Management Problems

When an employee works from home, then they can spill over time doing personal work. As a result, it leads to time burnout.

It’s good to give the employee break to take care of their health or their kid.

But at the same time, you must ensure that the task should be completed before the deadline. To give flexibility, you cannot compromise on workflow. Managing remote jobs requires companies to improve employee mental health and well-being to overcome challenges.

Many start-ups find remote work to be more beneficial than challenging despite the drawbacks.

Building a Strong Remote Team

Since there is no one to go for the launch together or the chat, team members may feel isolated. So, keeping all team members connected and making them feel they are part of the company is really hard. Team building is important, with everyone feeling comfortable sharing ideas and thoughts.

The tips below will help you to build a strong remote team:

  • Create a clear communication channel
  • Make realistic expectations
  • Encourage social connection
  • Give time for yourself
  • Take advantage of technology

Traditional work environments or physical offices provide people with the opportunity to interact with one another and engage in various activities outside of work. But in remote work, you can’t celebrate in a team whenever the company gets wide success or reach the target goal.

You can make your remote employees feel they are part of this celebration by offering some retreats, bonus salaries, etc.

Here are a few examples of remote team-building activities that can help promote collaboration and team cohesion:

  • Virtual happy hours or coffee breaks – Get the team together for a virtual drink or snack break! It is a great way to socialise and catch up with one another outside of work.
  • Online games or quizzes – Take some time to play together online! It can be anything from trivia to classic games like charades.
  • Virtual cool-off: Team members have a virtual cook-off where everyone makes the same dish and then votes on the best one.

The important thing is to find activities that everyone will enjoy and help bring the team closer together. Some company suggests their employee join coworking spaces.

Technology and Tools

There are several tools and technologies that can help you make the most of remote work. Use video conferencing for team meetings, instant messaging for quick questions, and screen sharing for presentations and collaborating on projects.

Maintain regular contact with your team using a tool like Asana or Trello for tracking projects, and be available for questions or concerns.

A few key tools and pieces of technology are essential for any remote start-up. Let’s discuss some of them.

1. Communication Tool

It can be difficult to stay connected as a remote team. This is where remote work collaboration tools can be helpful. You should establish clear communication channels when transitioning to remote work.

So, first and foremost, you need a good communication platform that will allow your team to stay in touch and collaborate effectively.

You must use video conferencing or chatting tools to communicate effectively between you and your teammates. There are a number of great options out there, like Slack or Zoom. You can also use social media applications to communicate with team members. You can also communicate using cloud telephony, which is a cost-effective way to make phone calls abroad or domestic.

2. Project Management Tools

Secondly, you need a good project management tool to help keep everyone on track and organised. A start-up’s first few months are crucial, so it needs a project management tool that is cost-efficient, intuitive, and scalable.

For remote teams, it helps us visualise various stages of our activities and is easy to reply to, improving asynchronous communication. Some of the best examples of project management tools are Asana and Trello.

4. Online Storage Platform

Lastly, you need an excellent online storage platform like Google Drive or Dropbox to share and access files easily.

5. Importance of Cybersecurity and Data Privacy for Remote Start-ups

Cybersecurity and data privacy are increasingly important considerations for start-ups, especially remote start-ups. While remote working can have its perks, it also comes with a few challenges, one of which is ensuring that your data is secure.

Hackers are becoming more sophisticated and often target small businesses to steal sensitive data. A data breach can be devastating for a start-up, not only causing financial damage but also damaging the company’s reputation.

So, in a world where data breaches are becoming more and more common, it’s important to make sure that your start-up has the proper safeguards in place to protect your data.

This includes ensuring that your employees are using strong passwords, two-way authentication, using encryption to protect sensitive data, and having a plan in place in case of a data breach.

They should also have a clear data privacy policy that explains how the company intends to protect its customers’ data. By taking these precautions, start-ups can help to protect themselves from cyberattacks and safeguard their customers’ data.


As technology and communication have advanced, remote work has become easier than ever. While remote workforce management can be daunting, the process can also be very seamless and rewarding with the right team.

The shift to a remote work model is becoming increasingly popular among employees, and companies shouldn’t resist it.

For start-ups, this presents both opportunities and challenges. On the one hand, remote work opens up the possibility of tapping into a global talent pool. On the other hand, building a strong culture and team bonding can be difficult when everyone works from different locations.

But nearly all companies will have an employee working from home in the near future. So it’s important to update remote work policies and pay attention to employee expectations.

In this article, we will explore remote start-ups’ opportunities and challenges. We will also look at how start-ups can overcome these challenges and continue to thrive in the future.


What are the best project management software’s for remote start-ups?

The list of best project management applications for remote start-ups are:

  • ClickUp
  • Forecast
  • Hubstaff
  • Basecamp
  • Teamgantt
  • Trello
  • Asana
  • Zoho Projects

What are the best communication tools for remote start-ups?

Some best communication tools that help you to communicate with your teams are:

  • Slack
  • Zoom
  • Microsoft teams
  • Google Hangouts
  • Boombox
  • GoToMeeting
  • Basecamp 3

How Can Remote Hiring Benefit Start-ups?

The benefits of hiring remotely for start-ups are:

  • Broader talent pool
  • Low operating cost
  • Access to technology and innovation
  • Reduced employee turnover/Increased employee retention
  • Work-life balance
  • Greater productivity
  • Boost employee satisfaction

Microsoft and OpenAI in Talks Over $29 Billion Deal

Microsoft and OpenAI, the company behind the well-known AI chatbot ChatGPT, are reportedly in talks for a merger that would value the latter at $29 billion as the long-standing technology giant pushes in on its long-time rival Google.

Microsoft is in discussions to invest up to $10 billion in OpenAI, the business responsible for the well-known ChatGPT artificial intelligence bot, according to reports.

The merger has been under discussion between the two businesses for months, they added. According to persons familiar with the conversations, Semafor reported late Monday that Microsoft has explored investing $10 billion in OpenAI.

Additional Investors

According to Semafor, the agreement, which would eventually give Microsoft a 49% stake in the startup company, also includes a provision that would see Microsoft receive 75% of OpenAI’s profits up until it recoups its investment, with additional investors taking the remaining 49% and OpenAI holding the remaining 2% of equity.

Late on Monday, Bloomberg matched Semafor’s allegation, but with fewer specifics. According to Bloomberg’s sources, Microsoft has discussed investing up to $10 billion in OpenAI at a valuation of nearly $29 billion.

On November 30, OpenAI released ChatGPT to the general public for free. As a result of users’ awe at how accurately the bot replicated human speech, the application immediately gained popularity. In 2019, Microsoft spent $1 billion in OpenAI, becoming the startup’s only cloud provider. The business also apparently aims to include ChatGPT into its Bing search engine, which reportedly caused Google execs to panic. According to Bloomberg, the businesses have been in discussions for months about Microsoft significantly increasing its stock investment in OpenAI.

According to Reports

OpenAI was reportedly getting close to selling shares at a $29 billion valuation, according to a Wall Street Journal report from last week.

Justin Post and Joanna Zhao noted that any perceived challenge to Google’s dominant market position in search or any shift in the company’s search business model “might be an overhang for the stock,” but they also added that they did not see ChatGPT as a “imminent danger” to Google given its limitations.

San Francisco-based OpenAI, a firm that acquired $1 billion from Microsoft in 2019, made headlines in November when it unveiled its artificial intelligence assistant. Microsoft would receive 75% of the start-income up’s up until it recovered its investment, according to the news website Semafor, which cited persons familiar with the most recent agreement.


The reported $29 billion deal in the works between Microsoft and OpenAI has sent ripples of excitement throughout the tech world. The convergence of Microsoft’s technological prowess with OpenAI’s ground-breaking research capabilities holds the potential to redefine the boundaries of AI innovation. As these talks unfold, it’s clear that the outcome could have far-reaching implications for AI research, applications, ethics, and the future of work. While the details of the partnership are yet to be revealed, one thing is certain: the synergy between these two powerhouses could shape the trajectory of AI advancement for years to come.

Where And How To Get Funds For Your Business Project

Although every business is unique, they all face similar problems. And one of them is the lack of funds. Insufficient capital to fund operations is one of the main reasons why many start-ups and small businesses fail during the first few months of operation. Money is the backbone or fuel of any enterprise. Without it, your company will barely take off the ground.

View of brown folders, with focus on grants label, Concept of funding, 3D illustration

The best and simple way to fund your business project could be to utilise savings or retained earnings. But if that isn’t available or sufficient, you can consider other options. They include the following:

1. Apply For A Government Grant

Applying for a government grant is one of the cost-effective ways to fund your business project. It refers to financial aid or award given by the government for a beneficial project. And as the name suggests, the grantee isn’t expected to refund the money but is expected to use it for the benefit of the larger community.

Apart from being free, government grants are accessible. You only need to write a comprehensive business plan or the project you want to fund.

Another great benefit of funding your project through government grants is that it makes your business look credible. As a result, you’ll likely attract more customers to generate more sales and make great profits. You can get ahead of the game by navigating the internet to find a guide to writing a grant proposal.

2. Seek Funding From Relatives And Friends

Looking for money from friends and relatives to fund a project can be an effective approach to ensure your business continues to grow. Typically, relatives and friends require less return on their investment. They usually lend their money at a very low-interest rate. And in certain circumstances, such people may help fund your business project for no return other than seeing you succeed.

Borrowing money from friends and relatives is also known as friends, family, and fools (FFF) funding. However, you must have close people who can trust you with their money if you’re going to use this option to fund your business project.

3. Look For Loans

Looking for loans is another simple way to fund your business project. It involves borrowing money from financial lending institutions like traditional banks, microfinance, online platforms, etc. The good thing about this option is that it’s always available to those who want it.

The money you borrow is the principal amount and should be refunded, plus the interest charges within the agreed duration. Otherwise, it may attract some penalties.

There are many factors to consider before you apply for a loan. For instance, you need to define your needs. In other words, you must know the exact amount of money you need to finance your project to ensure you aren’t overborrowing or under borrowing.

You should also consider your credit score. This is a three-digit between 300 and 850 that determines your creditworthiness. The higher the score, the better the chances of qualifying for the loan. It can also affect the number of loans you can qualify for.

Besides, if you’re applying for a secured loan, you must ensure you have collateral. This is an asset you can pledge as a security for loan repayment. Most lending institutions won’t financially support your project without collateral.

4. Partner With Angel Investors

Business owners often seek outside funding from angel investors to help support their companies. You can also follow suit to fund your project.

Angel investors are silent partners who have invested in a business in return for money. One advantage of working with angel investors is that they can provide a more flexible way to fund your project than most other options. However, you must have a detailed business plan to attract many potential angel investors.

5. Find Venture Capital

Lastly, you may consider venture capital to finance your business project. But you must be aware that venture capitalists always look for companies with high potential growth. They won’t fund your project if your company shows no sign of growth.

The money from the venture capitalists isn’t refundable. However, they’ll take an equity position in your company. In other words, they’ll have some shareholding in your business. But still, it can be an effective strategy to grow your business. Be sure to partner with venture capitalists who can bring relevant knowledge to your enterprise.


One major challenge business face across all sectors is the lack of enough capital. As such, some of them can’t grow or take up a new project. But as you’ve seen in this article, there are many ways to fund a business project. Evaluate all of them and select the most suitable for your company.

What Are The Legal Elements Of A Hostile Work Environment?

Work environment: something that is often overlooked and ignored but can also be the most extraordinary staying power in an employee’s work life and a company’s biggest asset. If it remains ignored, however, it can also lead to a great downfall for the employees and the company. The term “hostile work environment,” however, has an exact legal meaning in the context of workplace discrimination legislation and does not include all situations that the word “hostile” may imply. The concept of civility in the workplace is not codified in law.

Of course, there are always outliers. What if, for instance, someone’s animosity is limited to a particular group, such as women or individuals of a particular ethnicity? Such conduct might be illegal in certain jurisdictions and is certainly unacceptable in any workplace. In such a case, consulting a violent crime attorney is highly recommended. They will be able to provide you with solid, legally binding advice on how to proceed with your employment dispute.

Any workplace where prejudice or abuse is so pervasive that it alters an individual’s or group’s working circumstances is considered hostile.

Read on for more information on this.

Recognising the “Legally Protected Group”

One must demonstrate they were singled out for harassment because they belong to a legally protected group to raise a case of a hostile work environment. Potentially covered categories include:

  • Beliefs
  • Sexual orientation
  • Pregnant Women
  • Race/Ethnicity
  • Age/Disability
  • Physical illnesses/disability

Individuals who fit into one of these categories have the right to appeal their case to court.

An Objective Conduct

For a claim of a hostile work environment to succeed under federal legislation, a plaintiff must allege that the defendant engaged in conduct that:

  • A rational individual would find hostile or disrespectful.
  • The complainant qualitatively sees as adversarial or violent.
  • The defendant engaged in such conduct based on the complainant’s protected characteristic.

Please note that the offensive behaviour or abuse needs only to be “severe or pervasive,” not “severe and pervasive,” to be deemed actionable. Thus, creating an unsafe workplace may just take one extreme incident.

Variables such as the regularity of the misconduct, whether it is verbally harassing or humiliating if it interferes with an employee’s work performance, and whether mental damage has been prompted all play a role in determining whether the purported behaviour ends up creating a hostile work environment.

Employer Liability

If a defendant claims they were subjected to a hostile work environment, the burden of proof shifts to them to show that their employer was responsible for the behaviour that led to the hostile work environment.

When: (1) the worker or agent had an executive or supervisory duties; or (2) the company knew about the worker’s or agent’s illegal discrimination and either let it happen or didn’t take immediate action to stop it, the company will be held responsible for an unjust form of bias based on the worker’s or agent’s actions that violated one or both of these categories.

Working in a hostile environment can be difficult for anyone. Work performance and enthusiasm for coming to the office might be affected.


Creating a positive work environment that respects the dignity and rights of all employees is not only a moral obligation but also a legal one. Employers must take proactive steps to prevent and address hostile work environments by implementing clear anti-harassment policies, providing training, and promptly addressing any complaints. By doing so, they can ensure a productive and harmonious workplace while avoiding the legal and reputational consequences of allowing a hostile environment to persist.