Javier Parquet Villagra

Javier Parquet Villagra is our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Paraguay on the Advisory Excellence website. If you need assistance in this area, please contact Javier directly using the contact details listed above.

Javier (Harvard LLM class 1989) is the sole partner and director of “Parquet & Asociados”, a 60-year-old Law Firm. Javier’s expertise has led the Firm to be consider as number 1 in Administrative Law in all major rankings.

Javier advices governmental agencies, multilateral credit institutions, state-owned corporations, national and international private companies in highly complex challenges in public procurement, infrastructure and project finance. His experience led him to advice the Government in 7 bond issuances, incorporated the PPP regime in the country and participated in over 50 bills.

His government-oriented focus led him to be a trustable attorney in Corporate affairs, especially in operation when the public administration is involved. To this extend, he conducted the largest M&A operation of the Paraguayan telecom market and represented clients in the biggest infrastructure projects in recent years.

Since 1995 Javier runs the Administrative Law class in graduate and post graduate level, and has drafted several publications, making him a highly regarded scholar.

Currently Javier Parquet Villagra serves as President of the Mercosur’s Permanent Review Tribunal, the highest jurisdictional instance in Mercosur. He has also represented as international negotiator before the MERCOSUR, the United Nations, and private international entities on behalf of Paraguay.

Firm Overview:

Parquet & Asociados is a renowned law firm in the Paraguayan legal market. With over 60 years of practice, recognition and prestige, it is considered as one of the most important law firms in the country.

As the leading firm in Administrative  Law matters, its practice covers the state financial administration, public procurement processes, administrative contracts, the centralised and decentralised administrative structure, private funding in public works and infrastructure, supervision and regulation of the public employees’ regime, the economic perspective on administrative law, the control over national public banks and the exercise of its regulatory powers, invalidation and administrative revocability, drafting and execution of the public annual budget, the duties, obligations and limitations of the public power, review of administrative measures and disciplinary provisions,  prosecution capacities and the representation in actions on judicial administrative courts.

Our lawyers stand out for their expertise in the sector, and are highly regarded for their knowledge and practice regarding the organisation, structure and operation of public administration, having drafted the charter acts and structure of various public entities, assisted in their functioning, analysing technical and legal queries and providing overall counsel to state entities, multilateral institutions and state related companies. The firm provides its services to public institutions, as well as investors, suppliers, companies and individuals working with the State. The services include the most varied issues on every aspect of the state´s functioning and operations. Also, Parquet’s lawyers engage in a full array of academic activities, and most of them teach Law in various  universities and other educational institutions..

In corporate matters, the Firm is proud to offer through its specialised professionals counsel and support related to companies and associations incorporation and management We provide counsel on a permanent basis related to incorporation of companies and associations, both business and civil, the installation of subsidiaries offices, the implementation of corporate daily proceedings, including shareholders meetings, shareholders agreements, board of directors meeting and the control, sale and transfer of shares, mergers, acquisitions, corporate break-ups and transformations, liquidations, as any other corporate issue. In the same sense, its practice covers the opening and advising of non-profit entities and foundations, having created and assisted an important group of local and international associations.

On Banking & Finance, Parquet & Asociados provides legal advisory services to public banks -first and second floor banking- and private banks in the country. The Law Firm is currently, the head external legal adviser to the main state financial entities; the Paraguayan Central Bank and the National Development Bank as well as other entities and associations in the financial market. The Firm has also provided thorough counselling  to international investment banks and other worldwide institutions. The firm engages in modern banking digital expressions, developing new means of electronic payment devices, products and services.

With regard to capital markets and the stock exchange market, the firm is a consultant to listed companies in the stocks market, intervening in the issuance of financial instruments, either locally or internationally (sovereign bonds). The Firm has been the local advisor to the Paraguayan State in the sovereign bond issuances under Reg. S / Rule 144 of the State of New York from 2013 to 2016. It also advised the Banco Regional on the  international bond issuance under the same regulations.

Since its beginnings, the Firm has provided legal assistance to projects, investment initiatives and establishment of foreign capital in Paraguay. Provides advice in all stages from planning to  execution, determine business prospecting, investment conditions, incorporation of local companies and branches, financing and structuring banking and stock exchange, tax and real estate advice, mergers and acquisitions, and other forms of collaboration according to the characteristics of the investment and clients requirements.

The experience of the firm in dispute resolution in the administrative and judicial field is extensive and varied. Actively participates in both pot of court settlements and jurisdictional processes. The Firm has a well-known track record in the field of national and international arbitration and mediation, both in the civil, commercial and sports fields. Parquet´s lawyers are included in lists of arbitrators in local and international institutions. With significant experience in litigation and disputes both in the country and abroad Dr. Javier Parquet Villagra has been an arbitrator member of the Court of Arbitration for Sports (CAS) for 8 years and currently holds the position of Full Member for the Republic of Paraguay in the Permanent Mercosur Review Tribunal. Other lawyers of the firm are current members of the CONMEBOL Arbitration Court of Sports and the Court of the National Anti-Doping Organisation in Paraguay. On commercial arbitration, several associates are members of the Arbitration and Mediation Center of Paraguay, ruling in domestic disputes. In investment arbitration, the members of the firm have advised the national authorities in arbitration proceedings brought to the ICSID, the International Chamber of Commerce and other forums.

The firm is composed of a highly qualified team of one partner, 20 associates, and collaborators for legal, technical and administrative assistants. Several have obtained undergraduate and postgraduate degrees at prestigious local and foreign universities, and have extensive professional experience in local public entities, multilateral entities, local and transnational private companies. In addition, several firm’s partners actively participate in the academic field as university professors and other educational institutions, and regularly collaborate with local non-profit organisations. They are members of distinguished professional, academic, social and sports organisations, national and foreign.

Parquet & Asociados is a member of Ontier Global, a network of legal firms with partners in Latin America, Europe and Asia. ONTIER qualifies itself as “the first global firm with a local soul”, providing services in multiple jurisdictions, always maintaining proximity to the needs of clients.

The Law Firm constitutes a highly relevant professional, social, academic and cultural reference in Paraguayan society, establishing itself as an important strategic ally and professional support for any entity or individual, national or foreign, with intention to undertake all kinds of lucrative or non-profit activities of profit in the country, or defend their rights and interests in  litigious circumstances.

Naviky A. Tugwell

Naviky Tugwell is our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Honduras on the Advisory Excellence website. If you need assistance in this area, please contact Naviky directly using the contact details listed above.

Naviky is a specialist in:

  • Registry Matters of the Purchase-sale and commercialisation of oil and all its derivatives
  • Special Regimes: registries and tax exemptions, as well as waivers
  • Maritime affairs, Seafarers’ qualifications and Ship Registry
  • Real estate and registry law
  • Administrative Law
  • Trademark and Patent Registrations
  • Banking and corporate law
  • PPA
  • Biddings

Naviky Tugwell is also a law speaker in different organisations and Universities.

Working groups where she has participated:

  • Socialisation of the Hydrocarbons Law celebrated in the National Congress of Honduras
  • Socialisation of the reform to the Fisheries Law celebrated in the General Directorate of the Merchant Marine
  • Socialisation of the formulation of the National Youth Policy 2018-2030 held at the National Youth Institute
  • Collaboration in the construction of the National Energy Policy 2050 held via virtual through MS-Teams

Firm Overview:

Tugwell’s Law Firm members serve as “trusted advisors” to their clients. Their comprehensive knowledge gives their clients security and confidence that they will receive an accurate and honest legal advice. They invest time and effort understanding the priorities and needs of the client’s transaction and, as a result, obtain their clients’ loyalty.

They have built a reputation of providing the highest quality of legal advice as well as the highest level of personalised service. Their experience and knowledge characterise them. Clients expect the best from them.

In addition, they reputation for transparency and business integrity through the law sets them apart from competitors and continues to attract top talent to the firm.

They are practical and efficient attorneys, notaries and advisors, with great ability to critical analysis, an above-average analytical capacity, and have the necessary tools to convey knowledge to the client. They are characterised by their intuition, attention to detail, accuracy, and their ability to anticipate the needs and risks of the client.

M.G.A. (Milko) Baiz

Milko Baiz is our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Aruba on the Advisory Excellence website. If you need assistance in this area, please contact Milko directly using the contact details listed above.

Milko was born and raised in Aruba. Mr. Baiz graduated in 1993 from the Dutch Police Academy (Nederlandse Politie Academie) in Apeldoorn, Netherlands and worked for 5 years in the Aruba Police Force (Korps Politie Aruba) as a lieutenant (inspecteur). Thereafter Mr. Baiz was appointed as director of the Department of Public Transportation, where he worked for five years. Mr. Baiz graduated in 2001 from the University of Aruba (Universiteit van Aruba) and was admitted to the bar of the Joint Court of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba in October 2003.

Milko worked from October – November 2003 at the Coutinho & Co Law Offices and from December 2003 – June 2009 at Gomez & Bikker Law Offices in Aruba.

Milko Baiz is owner and Managing Director of Baizlaw N.V. and since July 2009 a founding partner of ArubaLegal, Lawyers and Business Counselors

Practice Areas:

  • Civil law (litigation and advise)
  • Administrative law (litigation and advise)
  • Criminal law
  • Corporate law
  • Property- and real estate law
  • Construction law
  • Civil liability law
  • Insurance law and personal injuries litigation and advise
  • Immigration law (litigation and advise)
  • Traffic and Transportation laws
  • Public-Private Partnerships Tender procedures
  • Financial and commodities transaction advise
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Intellectual property law
  • Management Consulting
  • Business Consulting
  • Labour law (litigation and advise)

Firm Overview:

Welcome to Aruba Legal, Lawyers and Business Consultants.


Although our name presumes a mere local focus, our clientele does not only consist of individuals, enterprises or institutions that are living or are established in Aruba, but also consists of foreign individuals, enterprises or institutions, dealing with Aruban entities or getting in any way in touch with Aruban Law


We are a young and dynamic company that emphasises on service, and quality. Just like our clients, we are results-oriented. Our goal is to achieve the best attainable result for our clients within reasonable time and at reasonable cost. Our experienced, multilingual lawyers, will be able to advice you on a broad variety of legal matters and if necessary conduct legal proceedings.

Geronimo Cardia

Geronimo Cardia is our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Italy on the Advisory Excellence website.   If you need assistance in these areas, please contact Geronimo directly using the contact details listed above.

Degree in Law; Degree in Economics; Master in Tax Law; AAUUC training course in the “Guardia di Finanza” Academy.

Lawyer before superior courts, chartered accountant, auditor, technical consultant at the Civil Court and the Criminal Court of Rome and Bankruptcy Trustee.

After a ten years period of working for an International Law Firm, he takes on his own and direct assignments, establishes and manages internal legal offices of companies and groups and, in 2004, founded the organization from which today the Cardia and Cardia law firm originates  ( www.gclegal.it ).

In public and private, industrial, financial and third sector institutional and entrepreneurial realities, since over twenty years he helds positions as Chairman or Member of Boards of Statutory Auditors, Chairman or Member of Supervisory Bodies, as well as Indipendent Statutory Auditor or Independent Supervisory Body, Commissioner Liquidator and Trustee in several procedures, Chairman of trade associations.    Judicial assistant in extraordinary administrations of large companies, judicial custodian of companies, commissioner liquidator of joint commission fund, member of ministerial commissions for the assignment of training grants, certifying auditor training plans, certifying auditor of funded research projects, local counsel for international groups, as well as officer of the Guardia di Finanza assigned to the third department of the General Command. He also participates in the preparation of Organizational Models pursuant to Legislative Decree 231/2001.

He is a consultant for groups and companies also in judicial administration or forced liquidation.   He provides support to trade associations for the coordination of  legal meetings of the associated operators.

He takes care of legal, fiscal, compliance, civil and administrative litigation, M&A, corporate, JV, banking, contracts and typical issues of corporate lawyers also aimed at restructuring groups and debts. With his colleagues he assists start-ups and internal legal offices, for corporate activities (board meetings, shareholders’ meetings etc.), both ordinary (contracts, and operations in general), and extraordinary (acquisitions, restructuring and start-ups), litigation (out-of-court and judicial) following corporate strategies for recovering credit positions. He has been involved since over fifteen years in the regulated public gaming sector.

With particular reference to Administative Law and Litigation, consolidated expertise in judicial assistance before the Regional Administrative Courts and before the State Council in several proceedings carried out in the interest of local operators, Companies and Groups especially relating, but not limited, to the regulated public gaming sector (denials of licenses, concessions, authorizations etc.) as well as extrajudicial assistance against local administrations, opinions and information notes to Court of Auditors, Ministry of Economy and Finance, Customs and Monopoly Agency in relation to all respective powers and liabilities.

Professor of Tax Law and International Tax Law in the specialist degree course in Managerial Sciences at the G. D’Annunzio University of Chieti, Pescara (academic years from 2004/2005 to 2010/11).

Speaker at several conferences, as well as lecturer in courses with particular regard to tax matters, compliance, anti-money laundering, traceability of financial flows and regulated public gaming.

Author of the book “The Territorial Issue – Prohibitions on legal gambling as set forth by local regulations”, 2016 GN Media Edition, Italian and English version, of the book “A Legal Outline of Privatization”, Il Sole 24 Ore Books Edition, as well as several fiscal publications, also concerning the regulation of public gaming sector and Legislative Decree 231/2001.

Among the roles assumed

  1. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors Istituto Superiore di Sanità (2015 – 2019);
  2. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors Parco Eolico Cocullo S.p.A. (2009 – 2017);
  3. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors Fondo per la Formazione Forte (2008 – 2012);
  4. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors Sphaera Partners S.r.l. (2005);
  5. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors dei Conti Fondo Formazione Fondazienda (2011 – in effect);
  6. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors Fondazione Soroptimist – Club di Roma (2011 – in effect);
  7. Chairman of the Board of Statutory Auditors Redo S.g.r. (2018 – in effect);
  8. Chairman of the Supervisory Body GSA- Gran Sasso Acqua S.p.A. (2018 – in effect);
  9. Chairman of the Supervisory Body Engie Produzione S.p.A., già Gas de France Produzione Suez S.p.A. (2011– in effect);
  10. Chairman of the Supervisory Body Multiservizi Caerite S.p.A. (2017 – in effect);
  11. Chairman of the Supervisory Body Redo Sgr (2020 – in effect);
  12. Independent Statutory Auditor Med Oil S.r.l. (2015 – in effect);
  13. Independent Statutory Auditor Galileo Alliance Association (2019 – in effect);
  14. Independent Supervisory Body Sistemia S.p.A. (2017 – in effect);
  15. Independent Supervisory Body Sviluppo Toscana S.p.A. (2015 – in effect);
  16. Independent Supervisory Body Giulianova Patrimonio S.p.A. (2020 – in effect);
  17. Independent Supervisory Body Fondazione Fratelli Paolo e Tito Molina – Onlus (2017 – 2018);
  18. Member of the Board of Statutory Auditors Confapi – Confederazione Italiana Piccola e Media Industria Privata (2015 – in effect);
  19. Statutory Auditor IP Industrial S.p.A., già Raffineria di Roma S.p.A. (2018 – in effect);
  20. Statutory Auditor Fondazione INGM – Istituto Nazionale di Genetica Molecolare (2014 – 2020);
  21. Statutory Auditor Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico materno-infantile Burlo Garofolo (2013 – 2020);
  22. Statutory Auditor Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli” (2016–2019);
  23. Statutory Auditor dell’Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico Umberto I di Roma (2016 – 2019);
  24. Statutory Auditor Sigea- Sistema integrato Genova Arquata S.p.A. (2010 – 2019);
  25. Statutory Auditor Gestioni Europa S.p.A. (2010 – 2019);
  26. Statutory Auditor Azienda Ospedaliera San Camillo-Forlanini (2016 – 2017);
  27. Statutory Auditor Metzeler (Italia) società di intermediazione mobiliare S.p.A. (2002 – 2004);
  28. Statutory Auditor P&G Società di Gestione del Risparmio – “P&G SGR S.p.A.” (2010 – 2016);
  29. Statutory Auditor Autoequipe S.p.A. (2013 – 2014);
  30. Statutory Auditor Zerocento – Società per Azioni (2010 – 2014);
  31. Statutory Auditor 9ren Italia S.r.l. (2010 – 2013);
  32. Statutory Auditor Azienda Sanitaria Locale – ASL1 Avezzano Sulmona L’Aquila (2010 – 2013);
  33. Statutory Auditor Centomiglia S.r.l. (2010 – 2013);
  34. Statutory Auditor Ener 3 S.r.l. (2010 – 2012);
  35. Statutory Auditor De.Co. Deposito Comune Società Consortile a responsabilità limitata (2012);
  36. Statutory Auditor Erg Cesa Eolica S.p.A. (2007 – 2009);
  37. Statutory Auditor Genesys – Società per Azioni (2008);
  38. Statutory Auditor Sensata Technologies Italia S.p.A. (2006 – 2008);
  39. Statutory Auditor European Engineering and Technologies S.p.A. (2006 – 2008);
  40. Statutory Auditor Moulin de Blé S.r.l. (2002 – 2005);
  41. Statutory Auditor Dover Italy Holdings S.r.l. (1999 – 2005);
  42. Statutory Auditor Western Union Retail Services Italy S.r.l. (2003);
  43. Statutory Auditor Invensys Appliance Controls Holding S.r.l. (1999 – 2002);
  44. Statutory Auditor Emmegi S.r.l. (2005);
  45. Statutory Auditor Rotary Lift Europe S.r.l. (1999 – 2002);
  46. Member of the Supervisory Body InnovaPuglia S.p.A. (2018 – in effect);
  47. Member of the Supervisory Body Engie Servizi S.p.A. (2017 – 2018);
  48. Member of the Supervisory Body Engie Italia S.p.A., già Gas de France Suez Energia Italia S.p.A. (2011 – in effect);
  49. Member of the Supervisory Body Voghera Energia S.p.A. (2017 – in effect);
  50. Member of the Supervisory Body HBG Entertainment S.r.l. (2016 – in effect);
  51. Selected Chairman of the Supervisory Body Lazio Ambiente S.p.A. (2015);
  52. Member of the Supervisory Body Gas de France Flow Management Holding S.p.A. (2012 – 2016);
  53. Member of the Supervisory Body BingoPlus S.p.A. (2013 – 2017);
  54. Member of the Supervisory Body HBG Arcades S.p.A. (2013 – 2017);
  55. Member of the Supervisory Body Latina Bingo S.r.l. (2013 -2017);
  56. Certifying Auditor of funded research plans svolti nell’Azienda Ospedaliera – Università di Parma (2015);
  57. Auditor for Certification of training plans financed by bilateral joint funds for training. Companies operating in several sectors for employee training (Fondimpresa, Fondirigenti, Adecco).
  58. Alternate Auditor Acque e Terme di Fiuggi S.p.A. (2020 – in effect);
  59. Alternate Auditor Pitney Bowes Italia S.r.l. (2001);
  60. Alternate Auditor Patheon S.p.A. (2005);
  61. Alternate Auditor Naturex S.p.A. (2004);
  62. Alternate Auditor Bipielle SantAnder Central Hispano società di intermediazione mobiliare S.p.A. (2001 – 2003);
  63. Alternate Auditor Thermo Optek Italia S.p.A. (2001 – 2003);
  64. Alternate Auditor Calvin Klein Europe S.r.l. (2003);
  65. Alternate Auditor B.M.A. – Brusati Manifattura Abrasivi S.p.A. (1999- 2001);
  66. Alternate Auditor Trelleborg Wheel Systems S.p.A. (1999);
  67. Alternate Auditor W.C.B. Ice Cream Italy S.r.l. (2003);
  68. Alternate Auditor Deutsches Reiseburo S.r.l. (2014 – 2016);
  69. Alternate Auditor Totalgaz Italia S.r.l. – “Totalgaz” (2014 – 2016);
  70. Chairman of ACADI “Associazione Concessionari Giochi Pubblici”, aderente Confcommercio Impr. per l’Italia (2018– in effect);
  71. Bankruptcy Trustee Megamind S.r.l. (2004 – in corso);
  72. Member of the Arbitration Board – Lega Nazionale Dilettanti – FIGC (2015 – in corso);
  73. Alternate Member Corte Federale d’Appello Federazione Medico Sportiva Italiana (2016 – in effect);
  74. Sole Director Studio Italia S.r.l. (2006);
  75. Sole Director Osho S.r.l.;
  76. Director Gestioni e Promozioni Immobiliari Essecia S.r.l. (2012 – 2015);
  77. Bankruptcy Trustee Elettronica Sistemi Italia S.r.l. (2005);
  78. Bankruptcy Trustee Garanta International S.p.A. (2011);
  79. Bankruptcy Trustee Pedra S.r.l. (2007);
  80. Bankruptcy Trustee Balduina Gestioni Alberghiere – Società a responsabilità limitata (2010);
  81. Bankruptcy Trustee Ecplise S.r.l. (2011).


Adriano Supuleta

Adriano Supuleta is our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Angola on the Advisory Excellence website. If you need assistance in this area, please contact Adriano directly using the contact details listed above.

As a full-service law firm, we focus on specialisation with the aim to provide the highest quality legal services, tailored to client’s needs, in all areas of law.

Our deep knowledge of the Angolan legal market, its specificities and challenges enable us to assist our clients in an efficient, cost-effective and responsible manner. LEAD ADVOGADOS seeks to assert itself through high-level legal services and expert advice to assist clients both based in Angola and internationally. We provide experienced and specialised legal services with the utmost sense of integrity. Our non-conformist approach, along with our dynamism, is a reflection of our desire to be innovative and adaptable.

The LEAD team is composed of a highly dynamic and experienced group of lawyers, with multidisciplinary expertise in core areas of Angolan business law. LEAD has been working on a regular basis, in partnership, with top global Law firms, in significant international business operations.

Prof. Yoav Bein

Yoav Bein is our exclusively recommended Administrative Law expert in Israel on the Advisory Excellence website. If you need assistance in this area, please contact Yoav directly using the contact details listed above.

Yoav offers representation and advice in all aspects of the administrative law, including the law of tenders, licenses, standardisation, planning and building, environmental protection, Incentive laws, tax, levies, fees, local authorities, elections, expropriations, and water law.

Yoav offers services including litigation, consultancy & mediation. Yoav also offers representation in relation to the criminal aspects of some of the above spheres. Yoav specialises in representing companies before the different Authorities. He advises and represents public companies & various commercial entities.

Yoav has unique experience in the law of tenders and has achieved great success in the area, both on tender committees and in court.

Yoav provides counselling at the stage of preparing to submit a tender bid, and offers advice and representation where the need arises to protect a win or attack the win of a competitor at the tender committees and in court. This area of practice calls for special skill and ability, including the ability to prepare quickly to apply to court so as to prevent pleas of delay.

Prof. BEIN & Co. – Law Office have unique administrative law experience and expertise. Yoav served as Vice President of the Haifa Court of Administrative Affairs, during which he dealt with the administrative cases in Haifa, including the vast majority of tender cases.

Yoav has from 2006 specialised in the developing sphere of unforeseen circumstances and wartime law.

Inter alia, Yoav offers representation and advice in the following spheres: Property tax and compensation fund matters along the green and red track, in consequence of the Lebanon War (2006) and the situation in the south (The south & Sderot and Gaza Belt).

Yoav Bein has published many legal articles, in various spheres and lectures in various forums. He is a member of the Israel Bar – Court of Administrative Affairs Committee. He is a former President of the Haifa Rotary Club (young).